Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness in Kenyan Adolescents With α(+)Thalassemia.

Etyang, A.O. ; Khayeka-Wandabwa, C. ; Kapesa, S. ; Muthumbi, E. ; Odipo, E. ; Wamukoya, M. ; Ngomi, N. ; Haregu, T. ; Kyobutungi, C. ; Tendwa, M. ; Makale, J. ; Macharia, A. ; Cruickshank, J.K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Scott, J.A. ; Williams, T.N. ;
Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness in Kenyan Adolescents With α(+)Thalassemia.
J Am Heart Assoc, 2017; 6(4)

Recent studies have discovered that α-globin is expressed in blood vessel walls where it plays a role in regulating vascular tone. We tested the hypothesis that blood pressure (BP) might differ between normal individuals and those with α(+)thalassemia, in whom the production of α-globin is reduced.

The study was conducted in Nairobi, Kenya, among 938 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP monitoring and arterial stiffness measurements were performed using an arteriograph device. We genotyped for α(+)thalassemia by polymerase chain reaction. Complete data for analysis were available for 623 subjects; 223 (36%) were heterozygous (-α/αα) and 47 (8%) were homozygous (-α/-α) for α(+)thalassemia whereas the remaining 353 (55%) were normal (αα/αα). Mean 24-hour systolic BP ±SD was 118±12 mm Hg in αα/αα, 117±11 mm Hg in -α/αα, and 118±11 mm Hg in -α/-α subjects, respectively. Mean 24-hour diastolic BP ±SD in these groups was 64±8, 63±7, and 65±8 mm Hg, respectively. Mean pulse wave velocity (PWV)±SD was 7±0.8, 7±0.8, and 7±0.7 ms(-1), respectively. No differences were observed in PWV and any of the 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring-derived measures between those with and without α(+)thalassemia.

These data suggest that the presence of α(+)thalassemia does not affect BP and/or arterial stiffness in Kenyan adolescents.