Liam Smeeth

I trained in medicine and continue clinical work as a general practitioner. In 2006 I was appointed as professor of clinical epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and am currently Head of the Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology. I have held a Wellcome Trust Senior Fellowship in Clinical Science since 2007. Much of my research is based on making better use of computerised clinical data both to investigate drug effects and disease aetiology, using both observational and interventional methods.

Contact details

Related Publications

Risk of acute liver injury associated with use of antibiotics. Comparative cohort and nested case-control studies using two primary care databases in Europe.

Brauer, R. ; Douglas, I. ; Garcia Rodriguez, L.A. ; Downey, G. ; Huerta, C. ; de Abajo, F. ; Bate, A. ; Feudjo Tepie, M. ; de Groot, M.C. ; Schlienger, R. ; Reynolds, R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Klungel, O. ; Ruigómez, A. ;
Risk of acute liver injury associated with use of antibiotics. Comparative cohort and nested case-control studies using two primary care databases in Europe.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2016; 25 Suppl 1:29-38

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Incidence of Twelve Initial Presentations of Cardiovascular Disease: A Population Record-Linkage Cohort Study in England.

Pujades-Rodriguez, M. ; Duyx, B. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Stogiannis, D. ; Rahman, A. ; Smeeth, L. ; Hemingway, H. ;
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Incidence of Twelve Initial Presentations of Cardiovascular Disease: A Population Record-Linkage Cohort Study in England.
PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151245

Validation of the Recording of Acute Exacerbations of COPD in UK Primary Care Electronic Healthcare Records.

Rothnie, K.J. ; Müllerová, H. ; Hurst, J.R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Davis, K. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Validation of the Recording of Acute Exacerbations of COPD in UK Primary Care Electronic Healthcare Records.
PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151357

Incidence of adult Huntington’s disease in the UK: a UK-based primary care study and a systematic review.

Wexler, NS. Collett, L. Wexler, AR. Rawlins, MD. Tabrizi, SJ. Douglas, I. Smeeth, L. Evans, SJ. 
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(2):e009070.

No association between exacerbation frequency and stroke in patients with COPD.

Windsor, C. Herrett, E. Smeeth, L. Quint, J.K.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis, 2016; 11:217-25.

Text messaging reminders for influenza vaccine in primary care: a cluster randomised controlled trial (TXT4FLUJAB).

Herrett, E. ; Williamson, E. ; van Staa, T. ; Ranopa, M. ; Free, C. ; Chadborn, T. ; Goldacre, B. ; Smeeth, L. ;
Text messaging reminders for influenza vaccine in primary care: a cluster randomised controlled trial (TXT4FLUJAB).
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(2):e010069

The Prevalence of Huntington’s Disease.

Rawlins, M.D. ; Wexler, N.S. ; Wexler, A.R. ; Tabrizi, S.J. ; Douglas, I. ; Evans, S.J. ; Smeeth, L. ;
The Prevalence of Huntington’s Disease.
Neuroepidemiology, 2016; 46(2):144-153

Associations between polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis and 12 cardiovascular diseases.

Pujades-Rodriguez, M. Duyx, B. Thomas, SL. Stogiannis, D. Smeeth, L. Hemingway, H.
Heart, 2016; 102(5):383-9.

Improved incidence estimates from linked versus stand-alone electronic health records.

Millett, ER. Quint, JK. De Stavola, BL. Smeeth, L. Thomas, SL. 
J Clin Epidemiol, 2016; pii: S0895-4356(16)00013-5.

Reply to: Validation of database search strategies for the epidemiological study of pemphigus and pemphigoid.

Langan, S.M. ; Smeeth, L. ; West, J. ;
Reply to: Validation of database search strategies for the epidemiological study of pemphigus and pemphigoid.
Br J Dermatol, 2016;

Zoster vaccination is associated with a reduction of zoster in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease.

Langan, S.M.; Thomas, S.L.; Smeeth, L.; Margolis, D.J.; Nitsch, D.;
Zoster vaccination is associated with a reduction of zoster in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease.
Nephrol Dial Transplant, 2016;

Cardiovascular outcomes associated with use of clarithromycin: population based study.

Wong, AY. Root, A. Douglas, IJ. Chui, CS. Chan, EW. Ghebremichael-Weldeselassie, Y. Siu, CW. Smeeth, L. Wong, IC.
BMJ, 2016; 352:h6926.

Bariatric Surgery in the United Kingdom: A Cohort Study of Weight Loss and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Clinical Care.

Douglas, IJ. Bhaskaran, K. Batterham, RL. Smeeth, L. 
PLoS Med, 2015; 12(12):e1001925.

Acute Cardiovascular Events after Herpes Zoster: A Self-Controlled Case Series Analysis in Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Older Residents of the United States.

Minassian, C. Thomas, SL. Smeeth, L. Douglas, I. Brauer, R. Langan, SM.
PLoS Med, 2015; 12(12):e1001919

Risk factors for hospital admission in the 28 days following a community-acquired pneumonia diagnosis in older adults, and their contribution to increasing hospitalisation rates over time: a cohort study.

Millett, E.R. ; De Stavola, B.L. ; Quint, J.K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Risk factors for hospital admission in the 28 days following a community-acquired pneumonia diagnosis in older adults, and their contribution to increasing hospitalisation rates over time: a cohort study.
BMJ Open, 2015; 5(12):e008737

BMJ CONFIDENTIAL Liam Smeeth: Still hoping for Olympic gold

Smeeth, L.
Bmj-British Medical Journal, 2015; 351

Changes in the incidence, prevalence and mortality of bronchiectasis in the UK from 2004 to 2013: a population-based cohort study.

Quint, JK. Millett, ER. Joshi, M. Navaratnam, V. Thomas, SL. Hurst, JR. Smeeth, L. Brown, JS.
Eur Respir J, 2015;47(1):186-93.

Acute kidney injury in stable COPD and at exacerbation.

Barakat, MF. McDonald, HI. Collier, TJ. Smeeth, L. Nitsch, D. Quint, J.K.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis, 2015; 10:2067-77.

The REporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely-collected health Data (RECORD) Statement.

Benchimol, E.I. ; Smeeth, L. ; Guttmann, A. ; Harron, K. ; Moher, D. ; Petersen, I. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; von Elm, E. ; Langan, S.M. ; RECORD Working Committee, . ;
The REporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely-collected health Data (RECORD) Statement.
PLoS Med, 2015; 12(10):e1001885

Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in a cohort of herpes zoster patients

Forbes, H. Bhaskaran, K. Thomas, S. Smeeth, L. Clayton, T. Mansfield, K. Minassian, C. Langan, S.
Neurology, 2016; pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000002808.

Herpes zoster, acute cardiovascular events and the role of zoster vaccination.

Minassian, C.; Thomas, S.; Smeeth, L.; Douglas, I.; Brauer, R.; Langan, S.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 2015; 135:S32-S32.

Risk of pancreatic cancer associated with use of incretin-based therapy and other glucose-lowering agents: a nationwide case-control study in Denmark

Thomsen, R.W.; Christensen, D.H.; Kahlert, J.; Knudsen, S.T.; Pedersen, L.; Norrelund, H.; Dekkers, O.M.; Douglas, I.; Marchesini, G.; Smeeth, L.; Moller, N.; Beck-Nielsen, H.; Jorgensen, J.O.; Sorensen, H.T.
Risk of pancreatic cancer associated with use of incretin-based therapy and other glucose-lowering agents: a nationwide case-control study in Denmark
Diabetologia, 2015; 58:S8-S9

Risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and death following MI in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Rothnie, K.J. ; Yan, R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and death following MI in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BMJ Open, 2015; 5(9):e007824

How Does Cardiovascular Disease First Present in Women and Men? Incidence of 12 Cardiovascular Diseases in a Contemporary Cohort of 1,937,360 People.

George, J. Rapsomaniki, E. Pujades-Rodriguez, M. Shah, A.D. Denaxas, S. Herrett, E. Smeeth, L. Timmis, A. Hemingway, H.
Circulation, 2015;132(14):1320-8.

Type 2 diabetes and incidence of a wide range of cardiovascular diseases: a cohort study in 1·9 million people.

Dinesh Shah, A. ; Langenberg, C. ; Rapsomaniki, E. ; Denaxas, S. ; Pujades-Rodriguez, M. ; Gale, C.P. ; Deanfield, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Timmis, A. ; Hemingway, H. ;
Type 2 diabetes and incidence of a wide range of cardiovascular diseases: a cohort study in 1·9 million people.
Lancet, 2015; 385 Suppl 1:S86

The risk of acute liver injury among users of antibiotic medications: a comparison of case-only studies.

Brauer, R. ; Ruigómez, A. ; Klungel, O. ; Reynolds, R. ; Feudjo Tepie, M. ; Smeeth, L. ; Douglas, I. ;
The risk of acute liver injury among users of antibiotic medications: a comparison of case-only studies.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2015;

A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia.

Forbes, HJ. Thomas, SL. Smeeth, L. Clayton, T. Farmer, R. Bhaskaran, K. Langan, SM. 
Pain, 2016, Jan;157(1):30-54.

Glitazone Treatment and Incidence of Parkinson’s Disease among People with Diabetes: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Brauer, R. Bhaskaran, K. Chaturvedi, N. Dexter, DT. Smeeth, L. Douglas, I. 
PLoS Med, 2015; 12(7):e1001854.

Prevalence of antibiotic use: a comparison across various European health care data sources.

Brauer, R. Ruigómez, A. Downey, G. Bate, A. Garcia Rodriguez, LA. Huerta, C. Gil, M. de Abajo, F. Requena, G. Alvarez, Y. Slattery, J. de Groot, M. Souverein, P. Hesse, U. Rottenkolber, M. Schmiedl, S. de Vries, F. Tepie, MF. Schlienger, R. Smeeth, L. Douglas, I. Reynolds, R. Klungel, O.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2016;25 Suppl 1:11-20.

Congenital Anomalies in Children of Mothers Taking Antiepileptic Drugs with and without Periconceptional High Dose Folic Acid Use: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Ban, L. Fleming, KM. Doyle, P. Smeeth, L. Hubbard, RB. Fiaschi, L. Tata, LJ.
PLoS One, 2015; 10(7):e0131130.

Risk of tuberculosis in patients with diabetes: population based cohort study using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Pealing, L. ; Wing, K. ; Mathur, R. ; Prieto-Merino, D. ; Smeeth, L. ; Moore, D.A. ;
Risk of tuberculosis in patients with diabetes: population based cohort study using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
BMC Med, 2015; 13(1):135

Data Resource Profile: Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).

Herrett, E. Gallagher, AM. Bhaskaran, K. Forbes, H. Mathur, R. van Staa, T. Smeeth, L.
Int J Epidemiol, 2015;44(3):827-36.

The effect of sibutramine prescribing in routine clinical practice on cardiovascular outcomes: a cohort study in the United Kingdom.

Hayes, J.F.; Bhaskaran, K.; Batterham, R.; Smeeth, L.; Douglas, I.;
The effect of sibutramine prescribing in routine clinical practice on cardiovascular outcomes: a cohort study in the United Kingdom.
Int J Obes (Lond), 2015;

The REporting of Studies Conducted Using Observational Routinely-Collected Health Data (RECORD) Statement: Methods for Arriving at Consensus and Developing Reporting Guidelines.

Nicholls, S.G. ; Quach, P. ; von Elm, E. ; Guttmann, A. ; Moher, D. ; Petersen, I. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; Smeeth, L. ; Langan, S.M. ; Benchimol, E.I. ;
The REporting of Studies Conducted Using Observational Routinely-Collected Health Data (RECORD) Statement: Methods for Arriving at Consensus and Developing Reporting Guidelines.
PLoS One, 2015; 10(5):e0125620

Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors and Risk of Malignant Melanoma: Matched Cohort Study Using Primary Care Data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Matthews, A. ; Langan, S.M. ; Douglas, I.J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Bhaskaran, K. ;
Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors and Risk of Malignant Melanoma: Matched Cohort Study Using Primary Care Data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
PLoS Med, 2016; 13(6):e1002037

Global Associations between Air Pollutants and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Hospitalizations: A Systematic Review.

Moore, E. ; Chatzidiakou, L. ; Kuku, M.O. ; Jones, R.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Beevers, S. ; Kelly, F.J. ; Barratt, B. ; Quint, J. ;
Global Associations between Air Pollutants and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Hospitalizations: A Systematic Review.
Ann Am Thorac Soc, 2016;

Statin use and the risk of herpes zoster: a nested case-control study using primary care data from the UK Clinical Research Practice Datalink.

Matthews, A. ; Turkson, M. ; Forbes, H. ; Langan, S.M. ; Smeeth, L. ; Bhaskaran, K. ;
Statin use and the risk of herpes zoster: a nested case-control study using primary care data from the UK Clinical Research Practice Datalink.
Br J Dermatol, 2016;

Latest trends in ADHD drug prescribing patterns in children in the UK: prevalence, incidence and persistence.

Beau-Lejdstrom, R. ; Douglas, I. ; Evans, S.J. ; Smeeth, L. ;
Latest trends in ADHD drug prescribing patterns in children in the UK: prevalence, incidence and persistence.
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(6):e010508

Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in herpes zoster patients: A cohort study.

Forbes, H.J. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Clayton, T. ; Mansfield, K. ; Minassian, C. ; Langan, S.M. ;
Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in herpes zoster patients: A cohort study.
Neurology, 2016;

COPD disease severity and the risk of venous thromboembolic events: a matched case-control study.

Morgan, A.D. ; Herrett, E. ; De Stavola, B.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Quint, J.K. ;
COPD disease severity and the risk of venous thromboembolic events: a matched case-control study.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis, 2016; 11:899-908

Predicting mortality after acute coronary syndromes in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Rothnie, K.J.; Smeeth, L.; Pearce, N.; Herrett, E.; Timmis, A.; Hemingway, H.; Wedzicha, J.; Quint, J.K.;
Predicting mortality after acute coronary syndromes in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Heart, 2016;

Helping everyone do better: a call for validation studies of routinely recorded health data.

Ehrenstein, V. ; Petersen, I. ; Smeeth, L. ; Jick, S.S. ; Benchimol, E.I. ; Ludvigsson, J.F. ; Sørensen, H.T. ;
Helping everyone do better: a call for validation studies of routinely recorded health data.
Clin Epidemiol, 2016; 8:49-51

Evaluation of the risk of cardiovascular events with clarithromycin using both propensity score and self-controlled study designs.

Root, A.A. ; Wong, A.Y. ; Ghebremichael-Weldeselassie, Y. ; Smeeth, L. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Evans, S.J. ; Brauer, R. ; Wong, I.C. ; Navaratnam, V. ; Douglas, I. ;
Evaluation of the risk of cardiovascular events with clarithromycin using both propensity score and self-controlled study designs.
Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2016;

Impact of statin related media coverage on use of statins: interrupted time series analysis with UK primary care data.

Matthews, A. ; Herrett, E. ; Gasparrini, A. ; Van Staa, T. ; Goldacre, B. ; Smeeth, L. ; Bhaskaran, K. ;
Impact of statin related media coverage on use of statins: interrupted time series analysis with UK primary care data.
BMJ, 2016; 353:i3283

Prenatal Vitamin D and Offspring Wheezing.

Bhaskaran, K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Evans, S. ;
Prenatal Vitamin D and Offspring Wheezing.
JAMA, 2016; 315(24):2730

Linking e-health records, patient-reported symptoms and environmental exposure data to characterise and model COPD exacerbations: protocol for the COPE study.

Moore, E.; Chatzidiakou, L.; Jones, R.L.; Smeeth, L.; Beevers, S.; Kelly, F.J.; K Quint, J.; Barratt, B.;
Linking e-health records, patient-reported symptoms and environmental exposure data to characterise and model COPD exacerbations: protocol for the COPE study.
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(7):e011330

Bronchiectasis and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based study.

Navaratnam, V. ; Millett, E.R. ; Hurst, J.R. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Hubbard, R.B. ; Brown, J. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Bronchiectasis and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based study.
Thorax, 2016;

Quantification of risk factors for herpes zoster: population based case-control study.

Forbes HJ, Bhaskaran K, Thomas SL, Smeeth L, Clayton T, Langan SM.

Prognostic variables and scores identifying the last year of life in COPD: a systematic review protocol.

Smith, L.J. ; Ali, I. ; Stone, P. ; Smeeth, L. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Prognostic variables and scores identifying the last year of life in COPD: a systematic review protocol.
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(9):e011677

Interpretation of the evidence for the efficacy and safety of statin therapy.

Collins, R. ; Reith, C. ; Emberson, J. ; Armitage, J. ; Baigent, C. ; Blackwell, L. ; Blumenthal, R. ; Danesh, J. ; Smith, G.D. ; DeMets, D. ; Evans, S. ; Law, M. ; MacMahon, S. ; Martin, S. ; Neal, B. ; Poulter, N. ; Preiss, D. ; Ridker, P. ; Roberts, I. ; Rodgers, A. ; Sandercock, P. ; Schulz, K. ; Sever, P. ; Simes, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Wald, N. ; Yusuf, S. ; Peto, R. ;
Interpretation of the evidence for the efficacy and safety of statin therapy.
Lancet, 2016;

Optimising case detection within UK electronic health records: use of multiple linked databases for detecting liver injury.

Wing, K. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Smeeth, L. ; van Staa, T.P. ; Klungel, O.H. ; Reynolds, R.F. ; Douglas, I. ;
Optimising case detection within UK electronic health records: use of multiple linked databases for detecting liver injury.
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(9):e012102

Cancer Drugs Fund requires further reform.

Grieve, R. ; Abrams, K. ; Claxton, K. ; Goldacre, B. ; James, N. ; Nicholl, J. ; Parmar, M. ; Parker, C. ; Sekhon, J.S. ; Smeeth, L. ; Spiegelhalter, D. ; Sculpher, M. ;
Cancer Drugs Fund requires further reform.
BMJ, 2016; 354:i5090

Comparative effectiveness of fourth-line anti-hypertensive agents in resistant hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sinnott, S.J. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ; Root, A.A. ; Mathur, R. ; Mansfield, K.E. ; Smeeth, L. ; Douglas, I.J. ;
Comparative effectiveness of fourth-line anti-hypertensive agents in resistant hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Eur J Prev Cardiol, 2016;

[The REporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely-collected health Data (RECORD) statement].

Benchimol, E.I. ; Smeeth, L. ; Guttmann, A. ; Harron, K. ; Hemkens, L.G. ; Moher, D. ; Petersen, I. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; von Elm, E. ; Langan, S.M. ; RECORD Working Committee, . ;
[The REporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely-collected health Data (RECORD) statement].
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes, 2016; 115-116:33-48

Metformin and cancer in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and comprehensive bias evaluation.

Farmer, R.E. ; Ford, D. ; Forbes, H.J. ; Chaturvedi, N. ; Kaplan, R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Bhaskaran, K. ;
Metformin and cancer in type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and comprehensive bias evaluation.
Int J Epidemiol, 2016;

Prescription of renin-angiotensin system blockers and risk of acute kidney injury: a population-based cohort study.

Mansfield, K.E. ; Nitsch, D. ; Smeeth, L. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ;
Prescription of renin-angiotensin system blockers and risk of acute kidney injury: a population-based cohort study.
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(12):e012690

Eczema and educational attainment – a systematic review.

von Kobyletzki, L.B. ; Beckman, L. ; Smirnova, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Williams, H.C. ; McKee, M. ; Abuabara, K. ; Langan, S.M. ;
Eczema and educational attainment – a systematic review.
Br J Dermatol, 2016;

Partner Bereavement and Risk of Herpes Zoster: Results from Two Population-Based Case-Control Studies in Denmark and the United Kingdom.

Schmidt, S.A. ; Vestergaard, M. ; Pedersen, H.S. ; Schønheyder, H.C. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Mansfield, K.E. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; Forbes, H.J. ; Langan, S.M. ;
Partner Bereavement and Risk of Herpes Zoster: Results from Two Population-Based Case-Control Studies in Denmark and the United Kingdom.
Clin Infect Dis, 2016;

Recording of hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of COPD in UK electronic health care records.

Rothnie, K.J. ; Müllerová, H. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Chandan, J.S. ; Smeeth, L. ; Hurst, J.R. ; Davis, K. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Recording of hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of COPD in UK electronic health care records.
Clin Epidemiol, 2016; 8:771-782

Clinical and Epidemiological Implications of 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring for the Diagnosis of Hypertension in Kenyan Adults: A Population-Based Study.

Etyang, A.O. ; Warne, B. ; Kapesa, S. ; Munge, K. ; Bauni, E. ; Cruickshank, J.K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Scott, J.A. ;
Clinical and Epidemiological Implications of 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring for the Diagnosis of Hypertension in Kenyan Adults: A Population-Based Study.
J Am Heart Assoc, 2016; 5(12)

Ecological Study of HIV Infection and Hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is There a Double Burden of Disease?

Angkurawaranon, C. ; Nitsch, D. ; Larke, N. ; Rehman, A.M. ; Smeeth, L. ; Addo, J. ;
Ecological Study of HIV Infection and Hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is There a Double Burden of Disease?
PLoS One, 2016; 11(11):e0166375

Obesity and type 2 diabetes in sub-Saharan Africans – Is the burden in today’s Africa similar to African migrants in Europe? The RODAM study.

Agyemang, C. ; Meeks, K. ; Beune, E. ; Owusu-Dabo, E. ; Mockenhaupt, F.P. ; Addo, J. ; de Graft Aikins, A. ; Bahendeka, S. ; Danquah, I. ; Schulze, M.B. ; Spranger, J. ; Burr, T. ; Agyei-Baffour, P. ; Amoah, S.K. ; Galbete, C. ; Henneman, P. ; Klipstein-Grobusch, K. ; Nicolaou, M. ; Adeyemo, A. ; van Straalen, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Stronks, K. ;
Obesity and type 2 diabetes in sub-Saharan Africans – Is the burden in today’s Africa similar to African migrants in Europe? The RODAM study.
BMC Med, 2016; 14(1):166

Geographical variation in the progression of type 2 diabetes in Peru: The CRONICAS Cohort Study.

Bernabé-Ortiz, A. ; Carrillo-Larco, R.M. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Miele, C.H. ; Checkley, W. ; Wells, J.C. ; Smeeth, L. ; Miranda, J.J. ; CRONICAS Cohort Study Group, . ;
Geographical variation in the progression of type 2 diabetes in Peru: The CRONICAS Cohort Study.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 2016; 121:135-145

Innovative ways of studying the effect of migration on obesity and diabetes beyond the common designs: lessons from the RODAM study.

Agyemang, C. ; Beune, E. ; Meeks, K. ; Addo, J. ; Aikins, A.D. ; Bahendeka, S. ; Danquah, I. ; Mockenhaupt, F.P. ; Schulze, M.B. ; Klipstein-Grobusch, K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Stronks, K. ;
Innovative ways of studying the effect of migration on obesity and diabetes beyond the common designs: lessons from the RODAM study.
Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2016;

Development and Validation of a Simple Risk Score for Undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes in a Resource-Constrained Setting.

Bernabe-Ortiz, A. ; Smeeth, L. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Sanchez-Abanto, J.R. ; Checkley, W. ; Miranda, J.J. ; Study Group, C.C. ;
Development and Validation of a Simple Risk Score for Undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes in a Resource-Constrained Setting.
J Diabetes Res, 2016; 2016:8790235

Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: a pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4.4 million participants

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration including Liam Smeeth.
Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: a pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4.4 million participants
Lancet, 2016; 387(10027):1513-1530

Towards sustainable partnerships in global health: the case of the CRONICAS Centre of Excellence in Chronic Diseases in Peru.

Miranda, J.J. ; Bernabé-Ortiz, A. ; Diez-Canseco, F. ; Málaga, G. ; Cárdenas, M.K. ; Carrillo-Larco, R.M. ; Lazo-Porras, M. ; Moscoso-Porras, M. ; Pesantes, M.A. ; Ponce, V. ; Araya, R. ; Beran, D. ; Busse, P. ; Boggio, O. ; Checkley, W. ; García, P.J. ; Huicho, L. ; León-Velarde, F. ; Lescano, A.G. ; Mohr, D.C. ; Pan, W. ; Peiris, D. ; Perel, P. ; Rabadán-Diehl, C. ; Rivera-Chira, M. ; Sacksteder, K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Trujillo, A.J. ; Wells, J.C. ; Yan, L.L. ; García, H.H. ; Gilman, R.H. ;
Towards sustainable partnerships in global health: the case of the CRONICAS Centre of Excellence in Chronic Diseases in Peru.
Global Health, 2016; 12(1):29

The Malaria-High Blood Pressure Hypothesis.

Etyang, A.O.; Smeeth, L.; Cruickshank, J.K.; Scott, J.A.;
The Malaria-High Blood Pressure Hypothesis.
Circ Res, 2016; 119(1):36-40

Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), .; COLLABORATORS;Di Cesare, M. ; Bentham, J. ; Stevens, G.A. ; Zhou, B. ; Danaei, G. ; Lu, Y. ; Bixby, H. ; Cowan, M.J. ; Riley, L.M. ; Hajifathalian, K. ; Fortunato, L. ; Taddei, C. ; Bennett, J.E. ; Ikeda, N. ; Khang, Y.H. ; Kyobutungi, C. ; Laxmaiah, A. ; Li, Y. ; Lin, H.H. ; Miranda, J.J. ; Mostafa, A. ; Turley, M.L. ; Paciorek, C.J. ; Gunter, M. ; Ezzati, M. ; Abdeen, Z.A. ; Abdul Hamid, Z. ; Abu-Rmeileh, N.M. ; Acosta-Cazares, B. ; Adams, R. ; Aekplakorn, W. ; Aguilar-Salinas, C.A. ; Ahmadvand, A. ; Ahrens, W. ; Ali, M.M. ; Alkerwi, A. ; Alvarez-Pedrerol, M. ; Aly, E. ; Amouyel, P. ; Amuzu, A. ; Andersen, L.B. ; Anderssen, S.A. ; Andrade, D.S. ; Anjana, R.M. ; Aounallah-Skhiri, H. ; Ariansen, I. ; Aris, T. ; Arlappa, N. ; Arveiler, D. ; Assah, F.K. ; Avdicová, M. ; Azizi, F. ; Beheshti, S. ; Babu, B.V. ; Balakrishna, N. ; Bandosz, P. ; Banegas, J.R. ; Barbagallo, C.M. ; Barceló, A. ; Barkat, A. ; Barros, M.V. ; Bata, I. ; Batieha, A.M. ; Batista, R.L. ; Baur, L.A. ; Beaglehole, R. ; Ben Romdhane, H. ; Benet, M. ; Bernabe-Ortiz, A. ; Bernotiene, G. ; Bettiol, H. ; Bhagyalaxmi, A. ; Bharadwaj, S. ; Bhargava, S.K. ; Bhatti, Z. ; Bhutta, Z.A. ; Bi, H. ; Bi, Y. ; Bjerregaard, P. ; Bjertness, E. ; Bjertness, M.B. ; Björkelund, C. ; Blake, M. ; Blokstra, A. ; Bo, S. ; Bobak, M. ; Boddy, L.M. ; Boehm, B.O. ; Boeing, H. ; Boissonnet, C.P. ; Bongard, V. ; Bovet, P. ; Braeckman, L. ; Bragt, M.C. ; Brajkovich, I. ; Branca, F. ; Breckenkamp, J. ; Brenner, H. ; Brewster, L.M. ; Brian, G.R. ; Bruno, G. ; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B. ; Bugge, A. ; Burns, C. ; Cabrera de León, A. ; Cacciottolo, J. ; Cama, T. ; Cameron, C. ; Camolas, J. ; Can, G. ; Cândido, A.P. ; Capuano, V. ; Cardoso, V.C. ; Carvalho, M.J. ; Casanueva, F. ; Casas, J.P. ; Caserta, C.A. ; Castetbon, K. ; Chamukuttan, S. ; Chan, A.W. ; Chan, Q. ; Chaturvedi, H.K. ; Chaturvedi, N. ; Chen, C.J. ; Chen, F. ; Chen, H. ; Chen, S. ; Chen, Z. ; Cheng, C.Y. ; Chetrit, A. ; Chiolero, A. ; 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Yamborisut, U. ; Yan, W. ; Yang, X. ; Yardim, N. ; Ye, X. ; Yiallouros, P.K. ; Yoshihara, A. ; You, Q.S. ; Younger-Coleman, N.O. ; Yusoff, A.F. ; Zainuddin, A. ; Zambon, S. ; Zdrojewski, T. ; Zeng, Y. ; Zhao, D. ; Zhao, W. ; Zheng, Y. ; Zhou, M. ; Zhu, D. ; Zimmermann, E. ; Zuñiga Cisneros, J. ;
Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants
Lancet, 2016; 387(10026):1377-96

The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and CV Risk Factors: The CRONICAS Cohort Study of Peruvian Adults.

Quispe, R.; Benziger, C.P.; Bazo-Alvarez, J.C.; Howe, L.D.; Checkley, W.; Gilman, R.H.; Smeeth, L.; Bernabé-Ortiz, A.; Miranda, J.J.; CRONICAS Cohort Study Group, .; COLLABORATORS;Bernabé-Ortiz, A. ; Casas, J.P. ; Smith, G.D. ; Ebrahim, S. ; García, H.H. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Huicho, L. ; Málaga, G. ; Miranda, J.J. ; Montori, V.M. ; Smeeth, L. ; Checkley, W. ; Diette, G.B. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Huicho, L. ; León-Velarde, F. ; Rivera, M. ; Wise, R.A. ; Checkley, W. ; García, H.H. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Miranda, J.J. ; Sacksteder, K. ;
The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and CV Risk Factors: The CRONICAS Cohort Study of Peruvian Adults.
Glob Heart, 2016; 11(1):121-130.e2

Rural-to-urban migration and risk of hypertension: longitudinal results of the PERU MIGRANT study.

Bernabe-Ortiz, A.; Sanchez, J.F.; Carrillo-Larco, R.M.; Gilman, R.H.; Poterico, J.A.; Quispe, R.; Smeeth, L.; Miranda, J.J.;
Rural-to-urban migration and risk of hypertension: longitudinal results of the PERU MIGRANT study.
J Hum Hypertens, 2016;

Changes in health in England, with analysis by English regions and areas of deprivation, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

Newton, J.N.; Briggs, A.D.M.; Murray, C.J.L.; Dicker, D.; Foreman, K.J.; Wang, H.D.; Naghavi, M.; Forouzanfar, M.H.; Ohno, S.L.; Barber, R.M.; Vos, T.; Stanaway, J.R.D.; Schmidt, J.C.; Hughes, A.J.; Fay, D.F.J.; Ecob, R.; Gresser, C.; McKee, M.; Rutter, H.; Abubakar, I.; Ali, R.; Anderson, H.R.; Banerjee, A.; Bennett, D.A.; Bernabe, E.; Bhui, K.S.; Biryukov, S.M.; Bourne, R.R.; Brayne, C.E.G.; Bruce, N.G.; Brugha, T.S.; Burch, M.; Capewell, S.; Casey, D.; Chowdhury, R.; Coates, M.M.; Cooper, C.; Critchley, J.A.; Dargan, P.I.; Dherani, M.K.; Elliott, P.; Ezzati, M.; Fenton, K.A.; Fraser, M.S.; Furst, T.; Greaves, F.; Green, M.A.; Gunnell, D.J.; Hannigan, B.M.; Hay, R.J.; Hay, S.I.; Hemingway, H.; Larson, H.J.; Looker, K.J.; Lunevicius, R.; Lyons, R.A.; Marcenes, W.; Mason-Jones, A.J.; Matthews, F.E.; Moller, H.; Murdoch, M.E.; Newton, C.R.; Pearce, N.; Piel, F.B.; Pope, D.; Rahimi, K.; Rodriguez, A.; Scarborough, P.; Schumacher, A.E.; Shiue, I.; Smeeth, L.; Tedstone, A.; Valabhji, J.; Williams, H.C.; Wolfe, C.D.A.; Woolf, A.D.; Davis, A.C.J.
Changes in health in England, with analysis by English regions and areas of deprivation, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
Lancet, 2015; 386(10010):2257-2274

Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c ) and fasting plasma glucose relationships in sea-level and high-altitude settings.

Bazo-Alvarez, J.C. ; Quispe, R. ; Pillay, T.D. ; Bernabé-Ortiz, A. ; Smeeth, L. ; Checkley, W. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Málaga, G. ; Miranda, J.J. ;
Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c ) and fasting plasma glucose relationships in sea-level and high-altitude settings.
Diabet Med, 2017;

Better care through better use of data in GP-patient partnerships.

Brown, B. ; Smeeth, L. ; van Staa, T. ; Buchan, I. ;
Better care through better use of data in GP-patient partnerships.
Br J Gen Pract, 2017; 67(655):54-55

Smoking and heavy drinking patterns in rural, urban and rural-to-urban migrants: the PERU MIGRANT Study.

Taype-Rondan, A. ; Bernabe-Ortiz, A. ; Alvarado, G.F. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Smeeth, L. ; Miranda, J.J. ;
Smoking and heavy drinking patterns in rural, urban and rural-to-urban migrants: the PERU MIGRANT Study.
BMC Public Health, 2017; 17(1):165

Peripheral insulin resistance rather than beta cell dysfunction accounts for geographical differences in impaired fasting blood glucose among sub-Saharan African individuals: findings from the RODAM study.

Meeks, K.A. ; Stronks, K. ; Adeyemo, A. ; Addo, J. ; Bahendeka, S. ; Beune, E. ; Owusu-Dabo, E. ; Danquah, I. ; Galbete, C. ; Henneman, P. ; Klipstein-Grobusch, K. ; Mockenhaupt, F.P. ; Osei, K. ; Schulze, M.B. ; Spranger, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Agyemang, C. ;
Peripheral insulin resistance rather than beta cell dysfunction accounts for geographical differences in impaired fasting blood glucose among sub-Saharan African individuals: findings from the RODAM study.
Diabetologia, 2017;

Impact of urbanisation and altitude on the incidence of, and risk factors for, hypertension.

Bernabé-Ortiz, A. ; Carrillo-Larco, R.M. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Checkley, W. ; Smeeth, L. ; Miranda, J.J. ; CRONICAS Cohort Study Group, . ; COLLABORATORS;Casas, J.P. ; Smith, G.D. ; Ebrahim, S. ; García, H.H. ; Huicho, L. ; Málaga, G. ; Montori, V.M. ; Diette, G.B. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Huicho, L. ; León-Velarde, F. ; Rivera, M. ; Wise, R.A. ; Checkley, W. ; García, H.H. ; Gilman, R.H. ; Miranda, J.J. ; Sacksteder, K. ;
Impact of urbanisation and altitude on the incidence of, and risk factors for, hypertension.
Heart, 2017;

Rationale, description and baseline findings of a community-based prospective cohort study of kidney function amongst the young rural population of Northwest Nicaragua.

González-Quiroz, M. ; Camacho, A. ; Faber, D. ; Aragón, A. ; Wesseling, C. ; Glaser, J. ; Le Blond, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Nitsch, D. ; Pearce, N. ; Caplin, B. ;
Rationale, description and baseline findings of a community-based prospective cohort study of kidney function amongst the young rural population of Northwest Nicaragua.
BMC Nephrol, 2017; 18(1):16

Adherence to guidelines for creatinine and potassium monitoring and discontinuation following renin-angiotensin system blockade: a UK general practice-based cohort study.

Schmidt, M. ; Mansfield, K.E. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Nitsch, D. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; Smeeth, L. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ;
Adherence to guidelines for creatinine and potassium monitoring and discontinuation following renin-angiotensin system blockade: a UK general practice-based cohort study.
BMJ Open, 2017; 7(1):e012818

Population trends in the 10-year incidence and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the UK: a cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink 2004-2014.

Mathur, R. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Edwards, E. ; Lee, H. ; Chaturvedi, N. ; Smeeth, L. ; Douglas, I. ;
Population trends in the 10-year incidence and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the UK: a cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink 2004-2014.
BMJ Open, 2017; 7(2):e014444

Serum creatinine elevation after renin-angiotensin system blockade and long term cardiorenal risks: cohort study.

Schmidt, M. ; Mansfield, K.E. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Nitsch, D. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; Smeeth, L. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ;
Serum creatinine elevation after renin-angiotensin system blockade and long term cardiorenal risks: cohort study.
BMJ, 2017; 356:j791

Registry Data-Valuable Lessons But Beware the Confounders.

Stammers, J.G. ; Kuo, A. ; Hart, A.J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Skinner, J.A. ;
Registry Data-Valuable Lessons But Beware the Confounders.
J Arthroplasty, 2017;

Safety and efficacy of statins – Authors’ reply.

Collins, R. ; Armitage, J. ; Baigent, C. ; Smith, G.D. ; Smeeth, L. ;
Safety and efficacy of statins – Authors’ reply.
Lancet, 2017; 389(10074):1099-1100

Improving public health by improving clinical trial guidelines and their application.

Landray, M.J. ; Bax, J.J. ; Alliot, L. ; Buyse, M. ; Cohen, A. ; Collins, R. ; Hindricks, G. ; James, S.K. ; Lane, S. ; Maggioni, A.P. ; Meeker-O’Connell, A. ; Olsson, G. ; Pocock, S.J. ; Rawlins, M. ; Sellors, J. ; Shinagawa, K. ; Sipido, K.R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Stephens, R. ; Stewart, M.W. ; Stough, W.G. ; Sweeney, F. ; Van de Werf, F. ; Woods, K. ; Casadei, B. ;
Improving public health by improving clinical trial guidelines and their application.
Eur Heart J, 2017;

Association between socioeconomic position and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Ghanaians in different geographic locations: the RODAM study.

Addo, J. ; Agyemang, C. ; de-Graft Aikins, A. ; Beune, E. ; Schulze, M.B. ; Danquah, I. ; Galbete, C. ; Nicolaou, M. ; Meeks, K. ; Klipstein-Grobusch, K. ; Bahendaka, S. ; Mockenhaupt, F.P. ; Owusu-Dabo, E. ; Kunst, A. ; Stronks, K. ; Smeeth, L. ;
Association between socioeconomic position and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Ghanaians in different geographic locations: the RODAM study.
J Epidemiol Community Health, 2017;

Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness in Kenyan Adolescents With α(+)Thalassemia.

Etyang, A.O. ; Khayeka-Wandabwa, C. ; Kapesa, S. ; Muthumbi, E. ; Odipo, E. ; Wamukoya, M. ; Ngomi, N. ; Haregu, T. ; Kyobutungi, C. ; Tendwa, M. ; Makale, J. ; Macharia, A. ; Cruickshank, J.K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Scott, J.A. ; Williams, T.N. ;
Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness in Kenyan Adolescents With α(+)Thalassemia.
J Am Heart Assoc, 2017; 6(4)

Development and validation of an algorithm to accurately identify atopic eczema patients in primary care electronic health records from the UK.

Abuabara, K. ; Magyari, A.M. ; Hoffstad, O. ; Jabbar-Lopez, Z.K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Williams, H.C. ; Gelfand, J.M. ; Margolis, D.J. ; Langan, S.M. ;
Development and validation of an algorithm to accurately identify atopic eczema patients in primary care electronic health records from the UK.
J Invest Dermatol, 2017;

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the Risk of Stroke.

Morgan, A.D. ; Sharma, C. ; Rothnie, K.J. ; Potts, J. ; Smeeth, L. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the Risk of Stroke.
Ann Am Thorac Soc, 2017; 14(5):754-765

Availability and use of UK based ethnicity data for health research

Mathur, R.; Grundy, E.; Smeeth, L.
Availability and use of UK based ethnicity data for health research
National Centre for Research Methods 2013

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