Sara Thomas

I worked originally as a doctor before leaving to pursue a number of less conventional jobs. I returned to study Epidemiology at LSHTM in 1994 and I have worked as an epidemiologist ever since. Much of my research focuses on the use of linked electronic health records to investigate the epidemiology of infections and vaccines, and I lead the Electronic Health Records Theme of the NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Immunisation. Ongoing methodological work includes validation of disease diagnoses in electronic health data, better identification of socio-demographic data in linked health records, and joint work with CPRD to develop an algorithm to identify and date pregnancies and their outcomes in CPRD data.

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Related Publications

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Incidence of Twelve Initial Presentations of Cardiovascular Disease: A Population Record-Linkage Cohort Study in England.

Pujades-Rodriguez, M. ; Duyx, B. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Stogiannis, D. ; Rahman, A. ; Smeeth, L. ; Hemingway, H. ;
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Incidence of Twelve Initial Presentations of Cardiovascular Disease: A Population Record-Linkage Cohort Study in England.
PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151245

Validation of the Recording of Acute Exacerbations of COPD in UK Primary Care Electronic Healthcare Records.

Rothnie, K.J. ; Müllerová, H. ; Hurst, J.R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Davis, K. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Validation of the Recording of Acute Exacerbations of COPD in UK Primary Care Electronic Healthcare Records.
PLoS One, 2016; 11(3):e0151357

Continuing reductions in HPV 16/18 in a population with high coverage of bivalent HPV vaccination in England: an ongoing cross-sectional study.

Mesher, D. Panwar, K. Thomas, SL. Beddows, S. Soldan, K.
BMJ Open, 2016; 6(2):e009915.

Near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using electronic health records-a systematic review of the application of statistical methods.

Leite, A. Andrews, NJ. Thomas, SL.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2016;25(3):225-37.

Associations between polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis and 12 cardiovascular diseases.

Pujades-Rodriguez, M. Duyx, B. Thomas, SL. Stogiannis, D. Smeeth, L. Hemingway, H.
Heart, 2016; 102(5):383-9.

Improved incidence estimates from linked versus stand-alone electronic health records.

Millett, ER. Quint, JK. De Stavola, BL. Smeeth, L. Thomas, SL. 
J Clin Epidemiol, 2016; pii: S0895-4356(16)00013-5.

Zoster vaccination is associated with a reduction of zoster in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease.

Langan, S.M.; Thomas, S.L.; Smeeth, L.; Margolis, D.J.; Nitsch, D.;
Zoster vaccination is associated with a reduction of zoster in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease.
Nephrol Dial Transplant, 2016;

Acute Cardiovascular Events after Herpes Zoster: A Self-Controlled Case Series Analysis in Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Older Residents of the United States.

Minassian, C. Thomas, SL. Smeeth, L. Douglas, I. Brauer, R. Langan, SM.
PLoS Med, 2015; 12(12):e1001919

Risk factors for hospital admission in the 28 days following a community-acquired pneumonia diagnosis in older adults, and their contribution to increasing hospitalisation rates over time: a cohort study.

Millett, E.R. ; De Stavola, B.L. ; Quint, J.K. ; Smeeth, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Risk factors for hospital admission in the 28 days following a community-acquired pneumonia diagnosis in older adults, and their contribution to increasing hospitalisation rates over time: a cohort study.
BMJ Open, 2015; 5(12):e008737

Changes in the incidence, prevalence and mortality of bronchiectasis in the UK from 2004 to 2013: a population-based cohort study.

Quint, JK. Millett, ER. Joshi, M. Navaratnam, V. Thomas, SL. Hurst, JR. Smeeth, L. Brown, JS.
Eur Respir J, 2015;47(1):186-93.

Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in a cohort of herpes zoster patients

Forbes, H. Bhaskaran, K. Thomas, S. Smeeth, L. Clayton, T. Mansfield, K. Minassian, C. Langan, S.
Neurology, 2016; pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000002808.

Herpes zoster, acute cardiovascular events and the role of zoster vaccination.

Minassian, C.; Thomas, S.; Smeeth, L.; Douglas, I.; Brauer, R.; Langan, S.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 2015; 135:S32-S32.

Mental health interventions in schools in low-income and middle-income countries.

Fazel, M. Patel, V. Thomas, S. Tol, W.
Lancet Psychiatry, 2014; 1(5):388-98.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia.

Forbes, HJ. Thomas, SL. Smeeth, L. Clayton, T. Farmer, R. Bhaskaran, K. Langan, SM. 
Pain, 2016, Jan;157(1):30-54.

Methodological challenges when carrying out research on CKD and AKI using routine electronic health records.

McDonald, H.I. ; Shaw, C. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Mansfield, K.E. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ; Nitsch, D. ;
Methodological challenges when carrying out research on CKD and AKI using routine electronic health records.
Kidney Int, 2016;

Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in herpes zoster patients: A cohort study.

Forbes, H.J. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Clayton, T. ; Mansfield, K. ; Minassian, C. ; Langan, S.M. ;
Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in herpes zoster patients: A cohort study.
Neurology, 2016;

Vaccination timing of low-birth-weight infants in rural Ghana: a population-based, prospective cohort study.

O’Leary, M. ; Thomas, S. ; Hurt, L. ; Floyd, S. ; Shannon, C. ; Newton, S. ; Thomas, G. ; Amenga-Etego, S. ; Tawiah-Agyemang, C. ; Gram, L. ; Hurt, C. ; Bahl, R. ; Owusu-Agyei, S. ; Kirkwood, B. ; Edmond, K. ;
Vaccination timing of low-birth-weight infants in rural Ghana: a population-based, prospective cohort study.
Bull World Health Organ, 2016; 94(6):442-451D

Bronchiectasis and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based study.

Navaratnam, V. ; Millett, E.R. ; Hurst, J.R. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Hubbard, R.B. ; Brown, J. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Bronchiectasis and the risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based study.
Thorax, 2016;

Falling threshold for treatment of borderline elevated thyrotropin levels-balancing benefits and risks: evidence from a large community-based study.

Taylor, P.N. ; Iqbal, A. ; Minassian, C. ; Sayers, A. ; Draman, M.S. ; Greenwood, R. ; Hamilton, W. ; Okosieme, O. ; Panicker, V. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Dayan, C. ;
Falling threshold for treatment of borderline elevated thyrotropin levels-balancing benefits and risks: evidence from a large community-based study.
JAMA Intern Med, 2014; 174(1):32-9

Quantification of risk factors for herpes zoster: population based case-control study.

Forbes HJ, Bhaskaran K, Thomas SL, Smeeth L, Clayton T, Langan SM.


Codelists available
Neonatal vaccination of low birthweight infants in Ghana.

O’Leary, M. ; Edmond, K. ; Floyd, S. ; Hurt, L. ; Shannon, C. ; Thomas, G. ; Newton, S. ; Kirkwood, B. ; Thomas, S. ;
Neonatal vaccination of low birthweight infants in Ghana.
Arch Dis Child, 2016;

Tuberculosis in migrants moving from high-incidence to low-incidence countries: a population-based cohort study of 519 955 migrants screened before entry to England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

Aldridge, R.W. ; Zenner, D. ; White, P.J. ; Williamson, E.J. ; Muzyamba, M.C. ; Dhavan, P. ; Mosca, D. ; Thomas, H.L. ; Lalor, M.K. ; Abubakar, I. ; Hayward, A.C. ;
Tuberculosis in migrants moving from high-incidence to low-incidence countries: a population-based cohort study of 519 955 migrants screened before entry to England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Lancet, 2016;

Increased rates of sequelae post-encephalitis in individuals attending primary care practices in the United Kingdom: a population-based retrospective cohort study.

Granerod, J. ; Davies, N.W. ; Ramanuj, P.P. ; Easton, A. ; Brown, D.W. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Increased rates of sequelae post-encephalitis in individuals attending primary care practices in the United Kingdom: a population-based retrospective cohort study.
J Neurol, 2016;

Impact of the national rotavirus vaccination programme on acute gastroenteritis in England and associated costs averted.

Thomas, S.L. ; Walker, J.L. ; Fenty, J. ; Atkins, K.E. ; Elliot, A.J. ; Hughes, H.E. ; Stowe, J. ; Ladhani, S. ; Andrews, N.J. ;
Impact of the national rotavirus vaccination programme on acute gastroenteritis in England and associated costs averted.
Vaccine, 2016;

Partner Bereavement and Risk of Herpes Zoster: Results from Two Population-Based Case-Control Studies in Denmark and the United Kingdom.

Schmidt, S.A. ; Vestergaard, M. ; Pedersen, H.S. ; Schønheyder, H.C. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Mansfield, K.E. ; Sørensen, H.T. ; Forbes, H.J. ; Langan, S.M. ;
Partner Bereavement and Risk of Herpes Zoster: Results from Two Population-Based Case-Control Studies in Denmark and the United Kingdom.
Clin Infect Dis, 2016;

Recording of hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of COPD in UK electronic health care records.

Rothnie, K.J. ; Müllerová, H. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Chandan, J.S. ; Smeeth, L. ; Hurst, J.R. ; Davis, K. ; Quint, J.K. ;
Recording of hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of COPD in UK electronic health care records.
Clin Epidemiol, 2016; 8:771-782

Assessing recording delays in general practice records to inform near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).

Leite, A. ; Andrews, N.J. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Assessing recording delays in general practice records to inform near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2017;

Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators, . ; COLLABORATORS;Vos, T. ; Allen, C. ; Arora, M. ; Barber, R.M. ; Bhutta, Z.A. ; Brown, A. ; Carter, A. ; Casey, D.C. ; Charlson, F.J. ; Chen, A.Z. ; Coggeshall, M. ; Cornaby, L. ; Dandona, L. ; Dicker, D.J. ; Dilegge, T. ; Erskine, H.E. ; Ferrari, A.J. ; Fitzmaurice, C. ; Fleming, T. ; Forouzanfar, M.H. ; Fullman, N. ; Gething, P.W. ; Goldberg, E.M. ; Graetz, N. ; Haagsma, J.A. ; Johnson, C.O. ; Kassebaum, N.J. ; Kawashima, T. ; Kemmer, L. ; Khalil, I.A. ; Kinfu, Y. ; Kyu, H.H. ; Leung, J. ; Liang, X. ; Lim, S.S. ; Lopez, A.D. ; Lozano, R. ; Marczak, L. ; Mensah, G.A. ; Mokdad, A.H. ; Naghavi, M. ; Nguyen, G. ; Nsoesie, E. ; Olsen, H. ; Pigott, D.M. ; Pinho, C. ; Rankin, Z. ; Reinig, N. ; Salomon, J.A. ; Sandar, L. ; Smith, A. ; Stanaway, J. ; Steiner, C. ; Teeple, S. ; Thomas, B.A. ; Troeger, C. ; Wagner, J.A. ; Wang, H. ; Wanga, V. ; Whiteford, H.A. ; Zoeckler, L. ; Abajobir, A.A. ; Abate, K.H. ; Abbafati, C. ; Abbas, K.M. ; Abd-Allah, F. ; Abraham, B. ; Abubakar, I. ; Abu-Raddad, L.J. ; Abu-Rmeileh, N.M. ; Ackerman, I.N. ; Adebiyi, A.O. ; Ademi, Z. ; Adou, A.K. ; Afanvi, K.A. ; Agardh, E.E. ; Agarwal, A. ; Kiadaliri, A.A. ; Ahmadieh, H. ; Ajala, O.N. ; Akinyemi, R.O. ; Akseer, N. ; Al-Aly, Z. ; Alam, K. ; Alam, N.K. ; Aldhahri, S.F. ; Alegretti, M.A. ; Alemu, Z.A. ; Alexander, L.T. ; Alhabib, S. ; Ali, R. ; Alkerwi, A. ; Alla, F. ; Allebeck, P. ; Al-Raddadi, R. ; Alsharif, U. ; Altirkawi, K.A. ; Alvis-Guzman, N. ; Amare, A.T. ; Amberbir, A. ; Amini, H. ; Ammar, W. ; Amrock, S.M. ; Andersen, H.H. ; Anderson, G.M. ; Anderson, B.O. ; Antonio, C.A. ; Aregay, A.F. ; Ärnlöv, J. ; Artaman, A. ; Asayesh, H. ; Assadi, R. ; Atique, S. ; Avokpaho, E.F. ; Awasthi, A. ; Quintanilla, B.P. ; Azzopardi, P. ; Bacha, U. ; Badawi, A. ; Balakrishnan, K. ; Banerjee, A. ; Barac, A. ; Barker-Collo, S.L. ; Bärnighausen, T. ; Barregard, L. ; Barrero, L.H. ; Basu, A. ; Bazargan-Hejazi, S. ; Bell, B. ; Bell, M.L. ; Bennett, D.A. ; Bensenor, I.M. ; Benzian, H. ; Berhane, A. ; Bernabé, E. ; Betsu, B.D. ; Beyene, A.S. ; Bhala, N. ; Bhatt, S. ; Biadgilign, S. ; Bienhoff, K. ; Bikbov, B. ; Biryukov, S. ; Bisanzio, D. ; Bjertness, E. ; Blore, J. ; Borschmann, R. ; Boufous, S. ; Brainin, M. ; Brazinova, A. ; Breitborde, N.J. ; Brown, J. ; Buchbinder, R. ; Buckle, G.C. ; Butt, Z.A. ; Calabria, B. ; Campos-Nonato, I.R. ; Campuzano, J.C. ; Carabin, H. ; Cárdenas, R. ; Carpenter, D.O. ; Carrero, J.J. ; Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A. ; Rivas, J.C. ; Catalá-López, F. ; Chang, J.C. ; Chiang, P.P. ; Chibueze, C.E. ; Chisumpa, V.H. ; Choi, J.J. ; Chowdhury, R. ; Christensen, H. ; Christopher, D.J. ; Ciobanu, L.G. ; Cirillo, M. ; Coates, M.M. ; Colquhoun, S.M. ; Cooper, C. ; Cortinovis, M. ; Crump, J.A. ; Damtew, S.A. ; Dandona, R. ; Daoud, F. ; Dargan, P.I. ; das Neves, J. ; Davey, G. ; Davis, A.C. ; Leo, D. ; Degenhardt, L. ; Del Gobbo, L.C. ; Dellavalle, R.P. ; Deribe, K. ; Deribew, A. ; Derrett, S. ; Jarlais, D.C. ; Dharmaratne, S.D. ; Dhillon, P.K. ; Diaz-Torné, C. ; Ding, E.L. ; Driscoll, T.R. ; Duan, L. ; Dubey, M. ; Duncan, B.B. ; Ebrahimi, H. ; Ellenbogen, R.G. ; Elyazar, I. ; Endres, M. ; Endries, A.Y. ; Ermakov, S.P. ; Eshrati, B. ; Estep, K. ; Farid, T.A. ; Farinha, C.S. ; Faro, A. ; Farvid, M.S. ; Farzadfar, F. ; Feigin, V.L. ; Felson, D.T. ; Fereshtehnejad, S.M. ; Fernandes, J.G. ; Fernandes, J.C. ; Fischer, F. ; Fitchett, J.R. ; Foreman, K. ; Fowkes, F.G. ; Fox, J. ; Franklin, R.C. ; Friedman, J. ; Frostad, J. ; Fürst, T. ; Futran, N.D. ; Gabbe, B. ; Ganguly, P. ; Gankpé, F.G. ; Gebre, T. ; Gebrehiwot, T.T. ; Gebremedhin, A.T. ; Geleijnse, J.M. ; Gessner, B.D. ; Gibney, K.B. ; Ginawi, I.A. ; Giref, A.Z. ; Giroud, M. ; Gishu, M.D. ; Glaser, E. ; Godwin, W.W. ; Gomez-Dantes, H. ; Gona, P. ; Goodridge, A. ; Gopalani, S.V. ; Gotay, C.C. ; Goto, A. ; Gouda, H.N. ; Grainger, R. ; Greaves, F. ; Guillemin, F. ; Guo, Y. ; Gupta, R. ; Gupta, R. ; Gupta, V. ; Gutiérrez, R.A. ; Haile, D. ; Hailu, A.D. ; Hailu, G.B. ; Halasa, Y.A. ; Hamadeh, R.R. ; Hamidi, S. ; Hammami, M. ; Hancock, J. ; Handal, A.J. ; Hankey, G.J. ; Hao, Y. ; Harb, H.L. ; Harikrishnan, S. ; Haro, J.M. ; Havmoeller, R. ; Hay, R.J. ; Heredia-Pi, I.B. ; Heydarpour, P. ; Hoek, H.W. ; Horino, M. ; Horita, N. ; Hosgood, H.D. ; Hoy, D.G. ; Htet, A.S. ; Huang, H. ; Huang, J.J. ; Huynh, C. ; Iannarone, M. ; Iburg, K.M. ; Innos, K. ; Inoue, M. ; Iyer, V.J. ; Jacobsen, K.H. ; Jahanmehr, N. ; Jakovljevic, M.B. ; Javanbakht, M. ; Jayatilleke, A.U. ; Jee, S.H. ; Jeemon, P. ; Jensen, P.N. ; Jiang, Y. ; Jibat, T. ; Jimenez-Corona, A. ; Jin, Y. ; Jonas, J.B. ; Kabir, Z. ; Kalkonde, Y. ; Kamal, R. ; Kan, H. ; Karch, A. ; Karema, C.K. ; Karimkhani, C. ; Kasaeian, A. ; Kaul, A. ; Kawakami, N. ; Keiyoro, P.N. ; Kemp, A.H. ; Keren, A. ; Kesavachandran, C.N. ; Khader, Y.S. ; Khan, A.R. ; Khan, E.A. ; Khang, Y.H. ; Khera, S. ; Khoja, T.A. ; Khubchandani, J. ; Kieling, C. ; Kim, P. ; Kim, C.I. ; Kim, D. ; Kim, Y.J. ; Kissoon, N. ; Knibbs, L.D. ; Knudsen, A.K. ; Kokubo, Y. ; Kolte, D. ; Kopec, J.A. ; Kosen, S. ; Kotsakis, G.A. ; Koul, P.A. ; Koyanagi, A. ; Kravchenko, M. ; Defo, B.K. ; Bicer, B.K. ; Kudom, A.A. ; Kuipers, E.J. ; Kumar, G.A. ; Kutz, M. ; Kwan, G.F. ; Lal, A. ; Lalloo, R. ; Lallukka, T. ; Lam, H. ; Lam, J.O. ; Langan, S.M. ; Larsson, A. ; Lavados, P.M. ; Leasher, J.L. ; Leigh, J. ; Leung, R. ; Levi, M. ; Li, Y. ; Li, Y. ; Liang, J. ; Liu, S. ; Liu, Y. ; Lloyd, B.K. ; Lo, W.D. ; Logroscino, G. ; Looker, K.J. ; Lotufo, P.A. ; Lunevicius, R. ; Lyons, R.A. ; Mackay, M.T. ; Magdy, M. ; Razek, A.E. ; Mahdavi, M. ; Majdan, M. ; Majeed, A. ; Malekzadeh, R. ; Marcenes, W. ; Margolis, D.J. ; Martinez-Raga, J. ; Masiye, F. ; Massano, J. ; McGarvey, S.T. ; McGrath, J.J. ; McKee, M. ; McMahon, B.J. ; Meaney, P.A. ; Mehari, A. ; Mejia-Rodriguez, F. ; Mekonnen, A.B. ; Melaku, Y.A. ; Memiah, P. ; Memish, Z.A. ; Mendoza, W. ; Meretoja, A. ; Meretoja, T.J. ; Mhimbira, F.A. ; Miller, T.R. ; Mills, E.J. ; Mirarefin, M. ; Mitchell, P.B. ; Mock, C.N. ; Mohammadi, A. ; Mohammed, S. ; Monasta, L. ; Hernandez, J.C. ; Montico, M. ; Mooney, M.D. ; Moradi-Lakeh, M. ; Morawska, L. ; Mueller, U.O. ; Mullany, E. ; Mumford, J.E. ; Murdoch, M.E. ; Nachega, J.B. ; Nagel, G. ; Naheed, A. ; Naldi, L. ; Nangia, V. ; Newton, J.N. ; Ng, M. ; Ngalesoni, F.N. ; Nguyen, Q.L. ; Nisar, M.I. ; Pete, P.M. ; Nolla, J.M. ; Norheim, O.F. ; Norman, R.E. ; Norrving, B. ; Nunes, B.P. ; Ogbo, F.A. ; Oh, I.H. ; Ohkubo, T. ; Olivares, P.R. ; Olusanya, B.O. ; Olusanya, J.O. ; Ortiz, A. ; Osman, M. ; Ota, E. ; Pa, M. ; Park, E.K. ; Parsaeian, M. ; de Azeredo Passos, V.M. ; Caicedo, A.J. ; Patten, S.B. ; Patton, G.C. ; Pereira, D.M. ; Perez-Padilla, R. ; Perico, N. ; Pesudovs, K. ; Petzold, M. ; Phillips, M.R. ; Piel, F.B. ; Pillay, J.D. ; Pishgar, F. ; Plass, D. ; Platts-Mills, J.A. ; Polinder, S. ; Pond, C.D. ; Popova, S. ; Poulton, R.G. ; Pourmalek, F. ; Prabhakaran, D. ; Prasad, N.M. ; Qorbani, M. ; Rabiee, R.H. ; Radfar, A. ; Rafay, A. ; Rahimi, K. ; Rahimi-Movaghar, V. ; Rahman, M. ; Rahman, M.H. ; Rahman, S.U. ; Rai, R.K. ; Rajsic, S. ; Ram, U. ; Rao, P. ; Refaat, A.H. ; Reitsma, M.B. ; Remuzzi, G. ; Resnikoff, S. ; Reynolds, A. ; Ribeiro, A.L. ; Blancas, M.J. ; Roba, H.S. ; Rojas-Rueda, D. ; Ronfani, L. ; Roshandel, G. ; Roth, G.A. ; Rothenbacher, D. ; Roy, A. ; Sagar, R. ; Sahathevan, R. ; Sanabria, J.R. ; Sanchez-Niño, M.D. ; Santos, I.S. ; Santos, J.V. ; Sarmiento-Suarez, R. ; Sartorius, B. ; Satpathy, M. ; Savic, M. ; Sawhney, M. ; Schaub, M.P. ; Schmidt, M.I. ; Schneider, I.J. ; Schöttker, B. ; Schwebel, D.C. ; Scott, J.G. ; Seedat, S. ; Sepanlou, S.G. ; Servan-Mori, E.E. ; Shackelford, K.A. ; Shaheen, A. ; Shaikh, M.A. ; Sharma, R. ; Sharma, U. ; Shen, J. ; Shepard, D.S. ; Sheth, K.N. ; Shibuya, K. ; Shin, M.J. ; Shiri, R. ; Shiue, I. ; Shrime, M.G. ; Sigfusdottir, I.D. ; Silva, D.A. ; Silveira, D.G. ; Singh, A. ; Singh, J.A. ; Singh, O.P. ; Singh, P.K. ; Sivonda, A. ; Skirbekk, V. ; Skogen, J.C. ; Sligar, A. ; Sliwa, K. ; Soljak, M. ; Søreide, K. ; Soriano, J.B. ; Sposato, L.A. ; Sreeramareddy, C.T. ; Stathopoulou, V. ; Steel, N. ; Stein, D.J. ; Steiner, T.J. ; Steinke, S. ; Stovner, L. ; Stroumpoulis, K. ; Sunguya, B.F. ; Sur, P. ; Swaminathan, S. ; Sykes, B.L. ; Szoeke, C.E. ; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R. ; Takala, J.S. ; Tandon, N. ; Tanne, D. ; Tavakkoli, M. ; Taye, B. ; Taylor, H.R. ; Ao, B.J. ; Tedla, B.A. ; Terkawi, A.S. ; Thomson, A.J. ; Thorne-Lyman, A.L. ; Thrift, A.G. ; Thurston, G.D. ; Tobe-Gai, R. ; Tonelli, M. ; Topor-Madry, R. ; Topouzis, F. ; Tran, B.X. ; Dimbuene, Z.T. ; Tsilimbaris, M. ; Tura, A.K. ; Tuzcu, E.M. ; Tyrovolas, S. ; Ukwaja, K.N. ; Undurraga, E.A. ; Uneke, C.J. ; Uthman, O.A. ; van Gool, C.H. ; Varakin, Y.Y. ; Vasankari, T. ; Venketasubramanian, N. ; Verma, R.K. ; Violante, F.S. ; Vladimirov, S.K. ; Vlassov, V.V. ; Vollset, S.E. ; Wagner, G.R. ; Waller, S.G. ; Wang, L. ; Watkins, D.A. ; Weichenthal, S. ; Weiderpass, E. ; Weintraub, R.G. ; Werdecker, A. ; Westerman, R. ; White, R.A. ; Williams, H.C. ; Wiysonge, C.S. ; Wolfe, C.D. ; Won, S. ; Woodbrook, R. ; Wubshet, M. ; Xavier, D. ; Xu, G. ; Yadav, A.K. ; Yan, L.L. ; Yano, Y. ; Yaseri, M. ; Ye, P. ; Yebyo, H.G. ; Yip, P. ; Yonemoto, N. ; Yoon, S.J. ; Younis, M.Z. ; Yu, C. ; Zaidi, Z. ; Zaki, M.E. ; Zeeb, H. ; Zhou, M. ; Zodpey, S. ; Zuhlke, L.J. ; Murray, C.J. ;
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
Lancet, 2016; 388(10053):1545-1602

Lower vaccine uptake amongst older individuals living alone: A systematic review and meta-analysis of social determinants of vaccine uptake.

Jain, A. ; van Hoek, A.J. ; Boccia, D. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Lower vaccine uptake amongst older individuals living alone: A systematic review and meta-analysis of social determinants of vaccine uptake.
Vaccine, 2017;

Measuring Long-term Disease Control in Atopic Dermatitis: a Validation Study of Well Controlled Weeks.

Langan, S.M. ; Stuart, B. ; Bradshaw, L. ; Schmitt, J. ; Williams, H.C. ; Thomas, K.S. ;
Measuring Long-term Disease Control in Atopic Dermatitis: a Validation Study of Well Controlled Weeks.
J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2017;

The association between human herpesvirus infections and stroke: a systematic review protocol.

Forbes, H.J. ; Benjamin, L. ; Breuer, J. ; Brown, M.M. ; Langan, S.M. ; Minassian, C. ; Smeeth, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Warren-Gash, C. ;
The association between human herpesvirus infections and stroke: a systematic review protocol.
BMJ Open, 2017; 7(5):e016427

Risk factors for developing acute kidney injury in older people with diabetes and community-acquired pneumonia: a population-based UK cohort study.

Jain A, McDonald HI, Nitsch D, Tomlinson L, Thomas SL.

Association between human herpesvirus infections and dementia or mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review protocol.

Warren-Gash, C. ; Forbes, H. ; Breuer, J. ; Hayward, A.C. ; Mavrodaris, A. ; Ridha, B.H. ; Rossor, M. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ;
Association between human herpesvirus infections and dementia or mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review protocol.
BMJ Open, 2017; 7(6):e016522

Trends in the burden of varicella in UK general practice.

Walker, J.L. ; Andrews, N.J. ; Mathur, R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Trends in the burden of varicella in UK general practice.
Epidemiol Infect, 2017; :1-5

Risk factors for developing acute kidney injury in older people with diabetes and community-acquired pneumonia: a population-based UK cohort study.

Jain, A. ; McDonald, H.I. ; Nitsch, D. ; Tomlinson, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Risk factors for developing acute kidney injury in older people with diabetes and community-acquired pneumonia: a population-based UK cohort study.
BMC Nephrol, 2017; 18(1):142

Do influenza and pneumococcal vaccines prevent community-acquired respiratory infections among older people with diabetes and does this vary by chronic kidney disease? A cohort study using electronic health records.

McDonald, H.I. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Millett, E.R.C. ; Quint, J. ; Nitsch, D. ;
Do influenza and pneumococcal vaccines prevent community-acquired respiratory infections among older people with diabetes and does this vary by chronic kidney disease? A cohort study using electronic health records.
BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care, 2017; 5(1):e000332

A cohort study of low birth weight and health outcomes in the first year of life, Ghana.

O’Leary, M. ; Edmond, K. ; Floyd, S. ; Newton, S. ; Thomas, G. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
A cohort study of low birth weight and health outcomes in the first year of life, Ghana.
Bull World Health Organ, 2017; 95(8):574-583

Implementing near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).

Leite, A. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Andrews, N.J. ;
Implementing near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD).
Vaccine, 2017;

Do delays in data availability limit the implementation of near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink?

Leite, A. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Andrews, N.J. ;
Do delays in data availability limit the implementation of near real-time vaccine safety surveillance using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink?
2017

Identifying social factors amongst older individuals in linked electronic health records: An assessment in a population based study.

Jain, A. ; van Hoek, A.J. ; Walker, J.L. ; Mathur, R. ; Smeeth, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Identifying social factors amongst older individuals in linked electronic health records: An assessment in a population based study.
PLoS One, 2017; 12(11):e0189038

Lansoprazole use and tuberculosis incidence in the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink: A population based cohort.

Yates, T.A. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ; Bhaskaran, K. ; Langan, S. ; Thomas, S. ; Smeeth, L. ; Douglas, I.J. ;
Lansoprazole use and tuberculosis incidence in the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink: A population based cohort.
PLoS Med, 2017; 14(11):e1002457

Inequalities in zoster disease burden: a population-based cohort study to identify social determinants using linked data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Jain, A. ; van Hoek, A.J. ; Walker, J.L. ; Forbes, H.J. ; Langan, S.M. ; Root, A. ; Smeeth, L. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Inequalities in zoster disease burden: a population-based cohort study to identify social determinants using linked data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
Br J Dermatol, 2018;

Incidence and sociodemographic characteristics of eczema diagnosis in children: a cohort study.

Ban, L. ; Langan, S.M. ; Abuabara, K. ; Thomas, K.S. ; Sultan, A.A. ; Sach, T. ; McManus, E. ; Santer, M. ; Ratib, S. ;
Incidence and sociodemographic characteristics of eczema diagnosis in children: a cohort study.
J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2018;

Acute kidney injury and infections in patients taking antihypertensive drugs: a self-controlled case series analysis.

Mansfield, K.E. ; Douglas, I.J. ; Nitsch, D. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Smeeth, L. ; Tomlinson, L.A. ;
Acute kidney injury and infections in patients taking antihypertensive drugs: a self-controlled case series analysis.
Clin Epidemiol, 2018; 10:187-202


Codelists available
Effectiveness of herpes zoster vaccination in an older United Kingdom population.

Walker, J.L. ; Andrews, N.J. ; Amirthalingam, G. ; Forbes, H. ; Langan, S.M. ; Thomas, S.L. ;
Effectiveness of herpes zoster vaccination in an older United Kingdom population.
Vaccine, 2018;

The changing epidemiology of varicella and herpes zoster in Hong Kong before universal varicella vaccination in 2014.

Chan, D.Y.W. ; Edmunds, W.J. ; Chan, H.L. ; Chan, V. ; Lam, Y.C.K. ; Thomas, S.L. ; van Hoek, A.J. ; Flasche, S. ;
The changing epidemiology of varicella and herpes zoster in Hong Kong before universal varicella vaccination in 2014.
Epidemiol Infect, 2018; :1-12

Report from the fifth international consensus meeting to harmonize core outcome measures for atopic eczema/dermatitis clinical trials (HOME initiative).

Chalmers, J.R. ; Thomas, K.S. ; Apfelbacher, C. ; Williams, H.C. ; Prinsen, C.A. ; Spuls, P.I. ; Simpson, E. ; Gerbens, L.A.A. ; Boers, M. ; Barbarot, S. ; Stalder, J.F. ; Abuabara, K. ; Aoki, V. ; Ardeleanu, M. ; Armstrong, J. ; Bang, B. ; Berents, T.L. ; Burton, T. ; Butler, L. ; Chubachi, T. ; Cresswell-Melville, A. ; DeLozier, A. ; Eckert, L. ; Eichenfield, L. ; Flohr, C. ; Futamura, M. ; Gadkari, A. ; Gjerde, E.S. ; van Halewijn, K.F. ; Hawkes, C. ; Howells, L. ; Howie, L. ; Humphreys, R. ; Ishii, H.A. ; Kataoka, Y. ; Katayama, I. ; Kouwenhoven, W. ; Langan, S.M. ; Leshem, Y.A. ; Merhand, S. ; Mina-Osorio, P. ; Murota, H. ; Nakahara, T. ; Nunes, F.P. ; Nygaard, U. ; Nygårdas, M. ; Ohya, Y. ; Ono, E. ; Rehbinder, E. ; Rogers, N.K. ; Romeijn, G.L.E. ; Schuttelaar, M.L.A. ; Sears, A.V. ; Simpson, M.A. ; Singh, J.A. ; Srour, J. ; Stuart, B. ; Svensson, Å. ; Talmo, G. ; Talmo, H. ; Teixeira, H.D. ; Thyssen, J.P. ; Todd, G. ; Torchet, F. ; Volke, A. ; von Kobyletzki, L. ; Weisshaar, E. ; Wollenberg, A. ; Zaniboni, M. ;
Report from the fifth international consensus meeting to harmonize core outcome measures for atopic eczema/dermatitis clinical trials (HOME initiative).
2018

The Impact of the National HPV Vaccination Program in England Using the Bivalent HPV Vaccine: Surveillance of Type-Specific HPV in Young Females, 2010-2016.

Mesher, D. ; Panwar, K. ; Thomas, S.L. ; Edmundson, C. ; Choi, Y.H. ; Beddows, S. ; Soldan, K. ;
The Impact of the National HPV Vaccination Program in England Using the Bivalent HPV Vaccine: Surveillance of Type-Specific HPV in Young Females, 2010-2016.
J Infect Dis, 2018;